Welcome to Pencil Drawing

Much of this website has been dedicated to the requirements, techniques and composition of a pencil drawing. For that purpose this page has been divided into four objective sections as listed below.

The object of this page is to direct you through the information already compiled and give an insight as to what is pending.


Shading Methods •

Drawing Techniques •

Light & Shadow •

Erasing & Highlighting •



• Draw Movement

• Perspective in Art

• How to Draw What

• Advanced Drawing Methods


Types of Portraits •

Skin Textures & Toning •

Facial & Body Dimension •

Hair & Features •


Other Pencil Studies

• Figure Studies

• Wildlife

• Land/Seascapes

• Still-life

Pencil Drawing

There are two distinct sides to creating art. The first is the practical know-how the artist must learn. This can be gathered from many sources. Namely, information gathered from books, magazines, Internet and other forms of explanatory text. Then there is that hands-on knowledge acquired from demonstrations and practical experience.

The second side to creating art is the artist. Then between the two is a vast mix of techniques, abilities and tools the artist uses to create their art. Much of which will change over time in line with the artist's needs.

Much of the pleasure and success of pencil drawing hinges on the artist's confidence in their methods and abilities. It is something the artist will have to discover for themselves through knowledge acquired either through text and the like, or more importantly, through experimentation and practice.


It is this ongoing process of experimenting with new ideas that makes art what it is. In art nothing stands still. It is always on the move waiting for something new. Art is the journey that has no final destination.

Within this series I will endeavor to answer three causal questions. They are, 'What is'? (Definition) - 'How to'? (Methods & Techniques) and lastly, 'When to do what'? (Application)

It is important to get to know the tools and materials you are using. They do have limitations. However, you can also take advantage of these limitations to create something new.

History has shown that many of the greatest developments in art; and in science, have come about by artists challenging the norms of conventional art, and by following their passion for something new.

If you wish to create art by challenging conventional standards it is important for you to discover and understand those boundaries within yourself and the materials you will be using. Do that, and you will create art that is uniquely yours. A 'Brand' or 'Label' that says 'This is My Art'!




Drawing Methods

The first page in this series is committed to basic methods of pencil drawing. Where the types and style of drawing will be reviewed. Not forgetting crucial items such as what paper to use, and the different grade of pencils. Then consideration must be given to other items of stationery and equipment that else should be added to your worktop.

Drawing Methods will review the following:

Pencil Shading

To develop realistic methods in pencil shading, and a style of your own, you will need to dedicate some time to practical testing. It is important to get to know the dimensions of what this medium has to offer.

Pencil Shading will review the following:

Drawing Techniques

There are two distinct phases on how to learn any particular skill. The first is making a conscious effect to learn the logical process. And, the second is unconsciously applying what you have learnt to complete the particular task.

Over time the skills and techniques you have acquired will be refined to match your drawing style or particular methods needed to achieve the desired result

On the previous page on pencil shading, emphasis was placed on the value of using different grades of graphite. Here we will take it further and apply that knowledge to create some specific effects.

Drawing Techniques will review the following:

Draw Light

With the lack of colour the pencil artist has to consider new obstacles. The tonal range from light to dark will be influenced by one or more of the following. The source of light, colour of the object and the nature of the surface been drawn, (rough or smooth) and/or (glossy or matt).

Draw Light will review the following:

Draw Shadow

A keen knowledge of the phases of light and how to draw shadows is probably the most important aspect of the black & white pencil drawing.

  • Smooth Surfaces
  • Rough Surfaces

Erase Pencil

It goes without saying that an eraser is an important tool for the pencil artist. Here we will be reviewing what the different types eraser can do.

Including, how to prevent those unexpected results when trying to remove the inevitable mistake. And, how to use the eraser as a tool to enhance the quality of your drawing.

Erase Pencil will review the following:

Drawing Composition

The mood or impact of the drawing can be greatly influenced by subtle differences in the composition. Small differences in the value of spaces can change the focal point and influence the viewer's perception of depth, movement or even sentiment.

Draw Movement

I guess we all are aware of the concept of body language. We may not totally understand it, but we are aware of the fact. So often our gut feelings tell us that the words coming from a person's mouth, is not what their gestures and pitch of voice are telling us.

There is within us an inherent ability to do much the same when we see a picture. Because a picture cannot speak we have to interpret what we see. Consequently, the composition of a piece of art is subjective, and will probably be seen differently by the next person down the line.

It is a language that if understood, is something the artist can use objectively to add further dimension to their art.

Draw Movement will review the following:

What to Draw

Lost for ideas on what to draw?

Maybe What to Draw will inspire you.

Perspective in Art

As we look around a room, or review the terrain outside, whatever we look at has a natural perspective.

On this page we will be evaluating what is a natural perspective. In addition, how the artist can manipulate this to give the pencil drawing a different meaning.

Go to Perspective in Art

How to Draw

On previous pages a number of techniques where discussed to demonstrate their potential. Here these methods will be used to demonstrate how to draw particular items, surfaces and features.

From time to time more options will be added to the list as they are compiled.

Go to How to Draw for a full list of the available demonstrations.

Pencil Art

This page is dedicated to advance methods, techniques and composition of the pencil drawing.

Out there, there are those artists whose commitment to their passion has created some amazing work. Artists that don't just spend days on a single study, but rather several weeks.

On this page we will be looking at the practical side of pencil art, but more importantly, touching on what inspires an artist to do what they do.

Goto: Pencil Art

Everyone has a photographic memory...
Some just don't have film.

Pencil Portraits

A number of pages have been set aside for the art of pencil portraits. This page is a complete map of all the pages already compiled.

On the listed pages we will be reviewing drawing techniques, composition and other options available to the artist.

For a detailed breakdown of the content of each page go to Pencil Portraits


  • Pencil Portraits. This gallery exhibits a collection of realistic pencil portraits of different types.
  • Pencil Nudes. This gallery exhibits several series of realistic pencil nude studies.
  • Mixed Media. This gallery exhibits a variety of mixed media studies. All are a mix of pencil drawing with oil paint colouring.

Also see: Free PDF Downloads.

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